Wild Quail Raising Supplies – Quail Range Feeders

Quail Raising Supplies
Supplies for Raising Quail in Texas





Habitat management and mother nature don’t always cooperate fully so sometimes supplemental feeding with quail feeders is required.  There are a huge variety of quail feeders available that pack a ton of experience behind them.  I tried a couple of them and didn’t experience the success I expected.  So, I took a different approach and started asking people who were successful, without anything to sell, what they were doing.



Homemade Quail Feeders

End Caps for Quail Feeders
Quail Feeder End Caps to Trickle Quail Starter Feed


The best model I saw was built out of PVC pipe with holes drilled in the end caps for quail feeders.  Looks simple – and it is – but don’t be fooled, it wasn’t that easy.  First, I couldn’t find 8″ PVC so I had to settle for 4″ PVC.  Still, this is enough to make 40 lb quail feeders when it is 5 feet long.  Next, the small matter of the small holes – how big, what angle, how many, how high from the ground – lot’s of questions!









Prototype 40lb Quail Feeders

Finished 40lb Quail Feeder and Waterer
Quail Feeder and Waterer for Raising Quails for the Wild


Then, the question of mounting the quail range feeders.  Where, how, alone or with water, movable or permanent?  My first prototype that was easily portable and also had a watering station was way over engineered.





Watering System for Quail Range Feeders

Waterer on Quail Range Feeder
Bobwhite Quail Watering System


The watering system no the range quail feeder turned out to be more hassle than it was worth.  Pictures showed it being used once but it certainly provided an excellent opportunity for fun and frolic for the coons.







Prototype Range Quail Feeders

Varmit Cage Around Range Quail Feeder
Enclosed Quail Feeders


What to do about the varmints?  We have deer, coons, squirrels and hogs.  It can quickly cost more to protect the quail range feeder than the feeder and a sack of feed is worth.  I had an unused plant cage from my tomato garden that I tried.









End Caps for Quail Feeders

Training Feeder Made from End Caps for Quail Feeders
Training Feeder for Raising Quail in Texas


Can you train a bobwhite quail to a quail range feeder?  It was easy enough to give it a try.  I built a very short model, loaded it with chick starter feed and put a solid board underneath it so feed wouldn’t fall through the screen in the surrogator.  This also helped me experiment and learn about the size, angle and distribution of the holes in the end caps for quail feeders to trickle the feed.  Worked like a charm!








Working Model Quail Range Feeders

Quail Range Feeders with Quail Feeding
Quail Feeding on Quail Starter Feed


The evidence speaks for itself – the newly released wild bobwhite quail loved the feeder.  Unfortunately, the large numbers bobwhite quail decreased rather quickly but based on call counts I think that has more to do with a natural distribution of the wild bobwhite quail in the wild than anything else.  The quail feeder worked and continues to work.





Quail Watering System Failure

Water Bucket Problem in Range Quail Feeder
Water Bucket for Raising Quails for the Wild


The watering system on the other hand – that was just folly and a pain in the butt.  The wild bobwhite quail didn’t use it and the deer and coons just disturbed it – every week.







Chewed End Caps for Quail Feeders

Chewed End Caps for Quail Feeders
Chewed End Caps Protecting Quail Starter Feed


Put an end cap for quail feeders on that rascal – and don’t forget!  I forgot for two weeks.  Since we didn’t have any rain and the feed was still flowing from the trickle holes, I thought everything was fine.  It wasn’t.  The third week I went out to check, instead of chick starter feed coming from the trickle holes, I had hair!  Seems as though a squirrel had climbed down inside and died – nasty!  Good riddance to a squirrel though.



Revised Range Quail Feeder Cage

Smaller Varmit Cage Protecting Range Quail Feeders
Quail Feeder without a Bobwhite Quail Watering System


I certainly don’t need to continue using my tomato cages to protect the wild quail feeder – too bulky and it still had a hole in the top where the varmints could get in.  I had some scrap pieces and wired together a small cage around the bottom – just enough to keep the critters away from the feed and allow the quail in to feed – much easier to build and manage.








Modification of End Caps for Quail Feeders

Range Quail Feeder Detail
New Model Enclosed Quail Feeder


After quite a bit of experimenting with the hole size and distribution in the end caps for quail feeders I think I’ve gotten it just right.  Wild quail feed flows smoothly without flowing too fast.  I also learned to use a rake to clear the ground around the base of the quail range feeder to help the wild bobwhite quail find the feed.






Newest Revision to 40 lb Quail Feeders

Relocated Quail Range Feeders
Relocated Feeder for Raising Quail in Texas


I also learned that the range quail feeder does not need to be as portable as I originally thought.  I removed the sliding pole and hose clamped it directly to a t post.  Now the 40 lb quail feeders have a cost of less than $20 and I can afford to put one at every wild bobwhite quail release location and other locations where I see and hear activity.








Quail Range Feeders Near the Release Site

Quail Raising Supplies in the Field
Quail Returning to Quail Starter Feed


Putting a range quail feeder right next to the wild bobwhite quail release site seems to work very well.  I was a little worried about the size of the holes in the cage but it appears that it does not bother the bobwhite quail.







Protecting Your Range Quail Feeders

Hog Disturbing Range Quail Feeders
Hog Disturbing Enclosed Quail Feeders


Ah, the varmints and critters still seem to think this is a Luby’s.  Who doesn’t have some sort of hog problem in Texas?  The only thing I did to secure the cage around the quail range feeder was to push the little 3 inch spikes into the ground – obviously not enough as the hogs were able to loosen it up and get under.  It still prevents major destruction but I do need something a little better.  I’m not a fan of feeding hogs for free.




Varmint Stand Off at the Range Quail Feeder

Quail Range Feeder Standoff
Varmints Attracted to Quail Starter Feed


After the hogs had done their initial work, the smart coon found a way inside.  Unfortunately, he also found a way back out.  With the Texas drought in it’s third year, everything is looking for a little food.






Quail Feed Distribution and Modification of End Caps for Quail Feeders

Range Quail Feeders in Action
Range Quail Feeders for Raising Quails for the Wild


I adjusted the holes in the end caps for quail feeders slightly and now have a great flow of bobwhite quail feed.  It also helps that the cage rubs against the quail range feeder column so any disturbance of the cage or column causes additional feed to flow – that helps prevent the feed from locking up inside the range quail feeder column.





Wild Quail Surrogator Survey


Summary of Quail Range Feeders

Quail habitat management is a critical part of having success raising and releasing wild bobwhite quail.  Supplemental feeding using a quail range feeder – something like 40 lb quail feeders – seems to be beneficial in keeping the wild bobwhite quail in the area near where they were released.  Being successful with a range quail feeder take experimentation.  I highly recommend using a game camera to monitor your progress and document what is happening while you are gone.  This provide evidence that you can then take action on to modify your quail range feeders to increase your success.




Build Survival Kit – Deluxe, Altoid Tin, Pocket & Wilderness

I’ve been doing quite a bit of research recently on the variety of survival kits available as I build my everyday survival kit. There is an almost overwhelming array of choices available. Just as a brief example, there is a UST S Deluxe Survival Kit that should cover just about anything you need while camping. There is the altoid tin survival kit that is home made, inexpensive and customized. Closely related to that is the pocket size survival kit – again something that, in and of itself, has almost too many choices. There are wisdom emergency survival kits for specific events like earth quakes and wilderness survival kits. And that is just the tip of the iceberg in survival kits –

I’ve been doing quite a bit of research recently on the variety of survival kits available as I work to build survival kit.  There is an almost overwhelming array of choices available.  Just as a brief example, there is a UST S Deluxe Survival Kit that should cover just about anything you need while camping.  There is the altoid tin survival kit that is home made, inexpensive and customized.  Closely related to that is the pocket size survival kit – again something that, in and of itself, has almost too many choices.  There are wisdom emergency survival kits for specific events like earth quakes and wilderness survival kits.  And that is just the tip of the iceberg in survival kits – it doesn’t really begin to cover disaster kits or anything needed for long term survival.  So, I’ve decided to devote some time to looking into the pros and cons of each of the various types of survival kits available to see how my own, custom built survival kit is holding up against the competition.

Variables to Build Survival Kit

In general, there are three basic variables that need to be considered when selecting or building a survival kit – time, intensity and location.

  • How long you expect to need to use the survival kit?
  • What is the expected intensity of the event that you are needing to survive?
  • What location do you expect to be in when the event occurs?

Most commercially available survival kits seem to be aimed at short term needs – a few days or maybe even a week.  Very few include any provision for food – most seem to be focused on protection and health.  Low or medium intensity events also seem to be the most popular – accidents of various sorts up to being lost.  Finally, most of the commercially available survival kits seem to assume that you will be either in a specific type of location – wilderness survival kit – or mobile – pocket size survival kits.

The choices are endless and, it seems to me, that you have a basic choice to make prior to deciding which way to proceed – are you going to buy a commercial survival kit and trust the wisdom of someone else or are you going to put in the time, thinking, planning and effort to custom build one for yourself?  I’ve taken a combination approach myself, using a 1 week emergency survival gear list combined with a small survival kit list as a basic approach, it seems wise to evaluate a few of the commercially available survival kits and types.

UST S Deluxe Survival Kit

The UST S Deluxe Survival Kit seems to be aimed primarily at outdoors adventures.  It contains very well made tools and equipment that will help you survive if you find yourself in a short term, medium intensity event in the woods.  It contains

  • fire starter
  • tinder
  • signal mirror
  • whistle
  • saw
  • carrying case

It is a great combination of nice and useful tools and is very compactly packaged to fit easily in a backpack or other camping bag.  The UST S Deluxe Survival Kit seems well suited to be very useful if you find yourself lost in the woods somewhere.

Altoid Tin Survival Kit

You can’t buy and altoid tin survival kit.  I don’t think you’re supposed to buy an altoid tin survival kit.  They are designed to be a 72 hour survival kit and part of the appeal is that they are very personalized to your particular needs.  There are a ton of examples on the internet and all of them seem to be for a short term, low intensity event at any location.  In general, they include things like:

  • altoid tin
  • parachute cord wrapped around the outside of the tin
  • matches
  • shelter foil
  • bleach powder
  • bandages
  • safety pin
  • fish hooks and fishing line

I like the customization available with this approach but the limiting factor of packing it in an altoids tin severely limits what it can contain and therefore, it’s usefulness  From what I’ve been able to tell, the altoid tin survival kit was a popular rage several years ago that has passed it’s time.  It sounds very interesting but I think that it’s true value, relative to the effort to assemble it, is very low.

Pocket Size Survival Kit

The pocket size survival kit seems to be the next generation of the altoid tin survival kit.  There are many commercial versions available and it appears to be much easier and cost effective to purchase one of these rather than build your own.  Most of what I find available commercially seem to be aimed at medical emergencies with the balance being very specific to a type of event or location.  One advantage of a pocket size survival kit, especially the medical emergency kits, is that they appear to have good quality ingredients that are well thought out for a particular type of application.  I actually have two of these commercial pocket size survival kits – one in my vehicle and one in my hunting backpack – both places that seem to make a lot of sense in those locations for the types of events and durations that I’d find myself.

Wisdom Emergency Survival Kit

Another type of survival kit is the Wisdom Emergency Survival Kit.  This is a kit specially prepared, in advance, for a very specific type of event.  An example would be an earth quake  – where you would want something easy to grab and go that would provide most of what you’d want to have at hand during a specific type of emergency.  A typical earth quake survival kit for two people for three days includes:

  • food
  • water
  • emergency blankets
  • first aid kit
  • light sticks
  • masks and gloves
  • whistle

As you can see, those items, in a wisdom emergency survival kit in the event of an earth quake, would be very helpful.

Chicago, Philadelphia & Los Angeles Wilderness Survival Kits

Wilderness survival kits come in a bewildering array of sizes and flavors! I didn’t realize that many people went to the wilderness!  People seem to be looking for them from all over the United States.  You can find people looking for wilderness survival kits in Philadelphia, Los Angeles and even Chicago!  Honestly, while these kits appear to be robust and very useful, unless you’re truly adventuring at quite a distance from civilization, I just don’t understand how beneficial they might be to most of us.  After all, one of the best pieces of wilderness survival advice is to find running water and follow it down stream – soon enough you’ll find some sort of civilization.  Otherwise, if you are hurt badly enough that you can’t move, then stay put, get comfortable and rely on your back country notification plan to work for you – you did file a back country notification plan, didn’t you?  That said, here’s what most of the wilderness survival kits seem to include:

  • food rations
  • water purification
  • shelter foils
  • knife, saw, matches, tinder
  • signaling devices
  • fishing tackle – why does everyone assume that you will need to fish?
  • first aid
  • illumination devices

I completely understand the need and value of a wilderness survival kit if you’re going into the back country.  Be smart and get your wilderness survival kit from an expert and make sure it meets the needs of your ability level and the specific location you are going.  If you are looking for a wilderness survival kit, whether you are from Chicago, Los Angeles or Philadelphia, I recommend that you find an expert and then talk with them in detail about where you are going, how experienced you are and what other equipment you will have available.  But, if you aren’t going into the back country, I think there are better ways to assemble more useful items at a lower cost and higher value.

Summary to Build Survival Kit Vs A Survival Gear List and Survival Kit Priority

Update 7/12/11: It’s worthwhile to consider that there are a number of factors to consider when building or buying a survival kit.  One of those factors is the timeline – how quickly might you need it and for how long will you need it?  If you envision a very short timeline then an every day survival kit may suit your needs.  If you envision a longer timeline then planning and building from a survival gear list may better serve you.  A timeline is only one factor to consider – there are quite a few others.  Once you’ve established the timelines that interest you and address your concerns, you can begin developing your survival kit priority.


Summary of Deluxe, Altoid Tin, Pocket & Wilderness Survival Kits

Just based on some brief research, another very interesting notion became evident.  Most of what is available on the internet is either no longer available or sold specifically by a company that sells survival kits.  The UST S Deluxe Survival Kit is still made and appears to be well made and supported.  Altoid tin survival kits really can’t be purchase – nor should they given their very custom and personal nature.  Pocket size survival kits come in a bewildering array of choices, over 50% of which are no longer available or sold by companies who package survival kits.  I do understand the wisdom of purchasing a survival kit from a company with a reputation and expertise.  That said, I’m not convinced of the wisdom of allowing someone else to determine what I’m going to have available if, when and where an event occurs that requires that I have survival equipment readily available to me!

I have over a year of experience planning, assembling a personal, custom survival kit, with an urban survival checklist, on a reasonable budget. I’m learning how to build survival gear.  There is no easy cheap survival kit – unless you really don’t care what happens!  I have some very particular notions about what is valuable – where the benefits exceed the price, and what I’m going to want and need to care for myself and my family.  I want to build my own survival kit!  If you don’t want to put the health and safety of your family in the hands of a stranger who just sold you something, then take a look at what I’m doing to build a custom survival kit and how I can help you.